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Symptoms of Periodontitis.

Periodontal diseases can progress without pain and apparent symptoms.

Symptoms of Periodontitis

There are no apparent symptoms in the case of smokers. However, there are some signs and symptoms that can warn about the existence of periodontitis: reddened gums with bleeding or inflammation, pus in the gums, bad taste in the mouth, high teeth (they touch before closing the mouth), loose teeth (they move or shift), spaces between the teeth, presence of tartar.

The most frequent periodontal diseases are known as periodontal diseases. The mild form is called gingivitis and affects only the gums; the severe conditions are periodontitis, in which the deep tissues, such as the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone, are destroyed.

The earliest warning sign of gum problems is bleeding, spontaneous, or when brushing (as long as the patient is not a smoker, since tobacco masks it). Also, redness, swelling or gum loss (or recession), bad breath or mouth taste, and thermal hypersensitivity. As periodontitis progresses, a change in the position of the teeth and the appearance of mobility can be observed. Abscesses, suppuration, pain, and tooth loss may occur in more advanced stages.

Gum bleeding is not normal.

One of the most common situations raised by patients who go to the dentist and finally receive a periodontitis diagnosis is that they consider it normal for their gum to bleed. But healthy gums do not bleed.

A bleeding gum can present gingivitis (which is a mild problem, reversible and that is solved in most cases with hygienic measures) or periodontitis (which is a more serious problem since it leaves irreversible sequelae and requires a specific treatment more or less complex depending on the degree of involvement). Occasionally, there is an increased tendency to gum bleeding, as happens at certain times in a woman's life (menstruation, pregnancy, etc.).

Halitosis is a common symptom of periodontitis. In cases of untreated periodontitis, some of the bacteria related to this disease produce, during their metabolism, substances called volatile sulfur compounds, which are mainly responsible for bad breath.

And it is also common for people with periodontitis to experience some tooth mobility. Usually, the teeth do not move. Periodontal disease is not the only cause of tooth mobility, but it is the most common. This mobility shows that support or anchorage of the tooth to the maxillary bone has been lost, and it is more significant the more advanced the disease is. This is a late sign, and when it appears, it reflects a terminal situation that will therefore require more complex treatments and a worse prognosis.

Your dentist is trained to diagnose and treat periodontal problems and advise you on preventive measures to help keep your and your family's gums healthy.