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 Excess saliva in our mouth.


Hypersalivation, also known as sialorrhea or excessive saliva production, can be a bothersome condition for individuals experiencing it. While it is not a disease, it can be a symptom of underlying medical conditions, including Parkinson's. It is essential to be aware of this association and seek appropriate medical attention if hypersalivation persists or is accompanied by other concerning symptoms.

Saliva's average production serves essential functions in our oral health and digestion. It aids in swallowing, helps break down food particles, and acts as a natural barrier against harmful bacteria in the mouth. On average, a healthy individual produces approximately 0.75-1.5 liters of saliva daily, with increased production during meals and reduced output during sleep.

Why is my mouth producing so much saliva suddenly?

Several factors can contribute to hypersalivation. These may include:

  • Nausea during pregnancy: Hormonal changes and increased sensitivity can produce excessive saliva in some pregnant individuals.
  • Throat infections: Infections affecting the throat or tonsils may trigger increased saliva production as a response to inflammation.
  • Use of false teeth: Ill-fitting dentures or other oral appliances can disrupt the average balance of saliva, leading to increased salivation. Mouth ulcers, inflammation, or pain: Any irritation or discomfort in the mouth, such as ulcers or gum inflammation, can stimulate saliva production.
  • Poor oral hygiene: Inadequate oral hygiene practices, such as irregular brushing and flossing, can contribute to oral health issues that may lead to hypersalivation.
  • Serious diseases: Certain medical conditions like rabies or tuberculosis can cause hypersalivation as a symptom. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis if hypersalivation is persistent and concerning.
  • Severe or sudden pain: Acute pain, such as that caused by dental emergencies or facial trauma, can stimulate increased saliva production.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): Reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus can sometimes result in the regurgitation of saliva and food, leading to hypersalivation.
  • Jaw fractures or dislocation: Traumatic injuries to the jaw can disrupt the standard swallowing mechanism and result in excessive saliva production.

Common symptoms associated with hypersalivation include:

  • Drooling and excessive spitting make it challenging to control saliva within the mouth.
  • Chapped lips and skin infections around the mouth due to prolonged exposure to excess saliva.
  • Bad breath, as excessive saliva may contribute to the growth of oral bacteria.
  • Dehydration, particularly if the excessive saliva production is not balanced by adequate fluid intake.
  • Speech impairment, such as excessive saliva, can affect clarity and articulation.
  • Increased risk of pneumonia, especially in individuals with difficulty swallowing or impaired cough reflex.
  • Unpleasant taste due to the excessive accumulation of saliva in the mouth.

It is crucial to address hypersalivation physically and consider its potential impact on psychological well-being and social interactions. The embarrassment or anxiety associated with drooling and excessive saliva can significantly affect an individual's quality of life.

Treatment options for hypersalivation may include:

Medication: Sometimes, anticholinergic drugs may be prescribed to reduce saliva production. However, it is essential to note that these medications can have side effects such as restlessness, drowsiness, urinary retention, constipation, and irritability. The use of drugs should be carefully evaluated by a healthcare professional.

Speech modification and therapy: Speech therapy can help individuals learn techniques to control saliva and improve swallowing and tongue control. These techniques may include exercises to strengthen the muscles involved in swallowing and learning strategies to close the lips effectively.

It is crucial to consult with a qualified dental or medical professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan for hypersalivation. They will assess the underlying cause, severity of symptoms, and individual circumstances to determine the most suitable approach.

Remember, the information provided here is for educational purposes only and should not substitute professional medical advice.