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The malocclusion

 Malocclusion can have negative health effects

The malocclusion

The incorrect alignment of the teeth, beyond the aesthetic factor and the possible problems that, from the point of view of the image, can cause, can also have negative effects on health. Malocclusion, the term used to describe the poor positioning of teeth, is a very widespread phenomenon among the population. 

A priori suffering a slight deviation in the alignment of the teeth does not have to cause problems, however, when the angle of this deviation is more pronounced than it should be, measures must be taken.  Crooked teeth often generate an incorrect bite that can lead, in the long term, to chipping on the bottom and even fracture some teeth, requiring replacement. In addition, the teeth can wear out more than they should. 

Unfortunately, the consequences of malocclusion are not limited to the teeth alone, but can also affect other areas: from the gums to the head in general, causing annoying pain or headaches. The gums can become inflamed when correct oral hygiene is not possible (with the consequent problems of halitosis or bad breath) and we can even suffer migraines caused by a bad bite. 

The origins of this bad position of the teeth can be very diverse, although the specialists indicate childhood as the most determining time. The genetic predisposition, the absence of dental pieces, and the bad customs like sucking the finger or abusing pacifiers and bottles, are frequent reasons for malocclusion. In this sense, it is important to emphasize that an early diagnosis and intervention can prevent malocclusions with a bone component. During growth, it is possible to perform orthopedics on the maxilla and the jaw, thus favoring an adequate development of the mouth. The treatment of malocclusions with bone components in adulthood is more complex, so it is used as a combination of orthognathic surgery techniques and orthodontics.

To correct the problem of crooked or badly placed teeth,  that the most common solution is orthodontics, especially when the tooth structure has been affected and more than one tooth is involved. In any case, when there are signs of malocclusion, it is advisable to visit a specialist and make a complete diagnosis before beginning any treatment.

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