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Dental hypersensitivity

Dental hypersensitivity, a problem that affects many people.

Dental hypersensitivity

Dental hypersensitivity is associated with intense pain in the teeth that occurs upon contact with certain foods or beverages. It is a transient but very common discomfort. 

Hypersensitivity is a widespread condition among the population that intensifies in the winter months due to low temperatures and colds.
When we subject our teeth to abrupt changes in temperature, whether cold or hot, and we experience acute pain, it is most likely because our dentine lacks the enamel needed to protect the tooth.  But teeth are not the only part of the mouth that is affected by low temperatures.  The cold of the street, the wind, and the contrast caused by the heat of the heating also cause cracks in the mouth with wounds that can lead to bleeding. 

According to experts, both the hypersensitivity of the teeth to temperature contrasts and lip cracks caused by dryness and cold is the most common discomfort in winter, but also the easiest to avoid with good oral hygiene
Brushing at least three times a day using the correct toothbrush and floss will protect our teeth' health. Proper brushing must be delicate, sometimes lack time, and the stronger the cleaner's internalized idea translates into aggressive brushing for both gums and teeth.
Also, many factors promote accelerated wear of the enamel and with it, the appearance of episodes of hypersensitivity. The consumption of acids, clenching or grinding the teeth, and exposing the mouth to abrupt temperature contrasts are associated with these episodes of sensitivity. Likewise, to care for the enamel, it is advisable to use quality toothpaste and complement it with a mouthwash rich in fluoride.
However, regular visits to the dentist remain the best option for combating hypersensitivity. Carrying out preventive check-ups immediately in the event of any type of discomfort is the easiest way to protect our teeth in the winter season.

As for the effects of low temperatures on the lips, experts recommend the regular use of cocoa or a moisturizing balm to protect them and exfoliate them at least once a week to remove dead skin and get the moisturizing products to penetrate deep.

Tips


  • Use specific products, such as a special toothpaste or a fluoride gel to strengthen the enamel. Keep in mind that this type of treatment works by blocking the openings of the exposed pores of the dentin, but its sealing is superficial and does not resist the wear caused by daily brushing and chewing. It is best to ask your dentist to recommend the most appropriate one for your case.

  • Check how you brush your teeth. Aggressive brushing with an inadequate toothbrush (hard bristles) or with an incorrect technique (horizontal movements and with excessive force) or the use of very abrasive toothpaste for long periods of time can cause gum loss, so the dentin will be exposed.

  • Also, the fear of getting sore leads to a decrease in the quality and/or frequency of brushing, which ends up producing a greater accumulation of bacterial plaque and this increases the risk of caries in the neck of the teeth and periodontal problems.

  • What you eat has an impact. We must not forget the importance of diet control, eliminating or reducing as much as possible the intake of acids that, by softening the exposed dentin, worsen and perpetuate the problem of sensitivity.

  • If you are going to undergo a treatment of this type, you should take some precautions, since dental sensitivity may arise to a greater or lesser extent after the treatment, although it is a transitory discomfort. This happens because this treatment causes a slight demineralization of the neck of the tooth since it requires the dentin tubules to be opened; through them, the whitening agents (hydrogen peroxide, carbamide peroxide...) penetrate the tooth enamel and this can irritate the nerve. Whitening toothpaste, used long-term, can have the same effect. Get professional advice before using a specific toothpaste or mouthwash daily as its components, instead of benefiting you, could actually harm your teeth.

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