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Tooth decay in children

Millions of children with cavities.

Tooth decay in children

The main thing is to instill in children optimal hygiene habits.

In Western countries, it is estimated that between 25% and 34% of children under the age of 6 have cavities; many millions of children have holes in their primary teeth. Therefore, at the beginning of the school year, parents are advised to take their children to the dentist, who will check their oral cavities and provide information on treatments and guidelines necessary to enjoy good oral health and face the year with a healthy smile.

During the check-up, the dentist will decide if it is advisable to apply resin sealants on the fissures of some molars. These sealants convert the aperture into a smooth surface, which facilitates cleaning and prevents the appearance of 70-80% of cavities.

If a child has a higher risk of decay, the dentist may apply fluoride varnish to protect the teeth.

In addition to cavities, the dentist can diagnose and treat other pathologies such as bruxism, abnormal growth of teeth, or fractures. "Most of the time, the problem has an easy solution if it is detected in time.

Fluoride is a practical component in the prevention of dental caries. This element is present in both kinds of toothpaste and mouthwash. Its main advantage is that it strengthens the tooth enamel while increasing resistance to demineralization. Although it should not be forgotten that they do not replace brushing.

Fissure sealing is a technique capable of slowing the development of dental caries by forming a barrier that protects the most sensitive area of the tooth. This procedure fills the fissures present in the enamel and prevents bacterial activity.
The main thing is to instill in children optimal hygiene habits, carrying out at least 2 brushes daily with fluoride paste, one in the morning and the other before bed. Until the age of 3, the parents should brush the children's teeth. Afterward, they must supervise the brushing until they do it correctly.

Children should also follow a healthy and balanced diet, limiting the consumption of sugary products. Thus, water and milk are the most nutritious drinks for teeth. Packaged juices or soft drinks should be consumed in exceptional cases because although labeled as "low in sugar" or "without added sugar," it does not mean they do not contain it. "Eating a healthy diet, rich in fruits, vegetables, and fish, will not only help children to have a healthy mouth, but it will also positively influence their overall health.

If children play contact sports, it is recommended that they use an adapted mouth guard, which, in addition to protecting the teeth, will cover all face structures.

Finally, the child should have a check-up for the first time during the first year of life and, after that, periodically, once or twice a year. She will become familiar with the environment and not be afraid. If we wait to take him until he has an illness, the experience will be more damaging.