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Tooth decay in children

Millions of children with cavities.

Tooth decay in children

The main thing is to instill in children optimal hygiene habits.

In Western countries, it is estimated that between 25% and 34% of children under the age of 6 have cavities; many millions of children have cavities in their primary teeth. At the beginning of the school year, parents are advised to take their children to the dentist, who will check the child's oral cavity and provide information on treatments and guidelines necessary for the child to enjoy good oral health and face the year with a healthy smile.

During the check-up, the dentist will decide if it is advisable to apply resin sealants on the fissures of some molars. These sealants convert the fissure into a smooth surface, which facilitates cleaning and prevents the appearance of 70-80% of cavities.

If a child has a higher risk of decay, the dentist may also apply a fluoride varnish to protect the teeth.

In addition to cavities, the dentist can diagnose and treat other pathologies such as bruxism, abnormal growth of teeth, or fractures. "Most of the time, if it is detected in time, the problem has an easy solution.

Fluoride is an effective component in the prevention of dental caries. This element is present in both kinds of toothpaste and mouthwashes. Its main advantage is that it strengthens the tooth enamel while increasing resistance to demineralization. Although it should not be forgotten that they do not replace brushing.

Fissure sealing is a technique capable of slowing the development of dental caries by forming a barrier that protects the most sensitive area of the tooth. This procedure fills the fissures present in the enamel and prevents bacterial activity.
The main thing is to instill in children optimal hygiene habits, carrying out at least 2 brushes a day with fluoride paste, one in the morning and the other before going to bed. Until the age of 3, it should be the parents who brush the children's teeth. Afterward, they will have to supervise the brushing until they do it correctly.

Children should also follow a healthy and balanced diet, limiting the consumption of sugary products. Thus, water and milk are the healthiest drinks for teeth. Packaged juices or soft drinks should be consumed in exceptional cases, because although they are labeled as "low in sugar" or "without added sugar", it does not mean that they do not contain it. "Eating a healthy diet, rich in fruits, vegetables, and fish, will not only help children to have a healthy mouth, it will also positively influence their overall health.

If children play contact sports, it is recommended that they use an adapted mouth guard which, in addition to protecting the teeth, will protect all the structures of the face.

Finally, the child should have a check-up for the first time during the first year of life and thereafter, periodically, once or twice a year. In this way, she will become familiar with the environment and will not be afraid. If we wait to take him until he has an illness, the experience will be more negative.

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