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Tooth sensitivity

Causes of gingival recession.

Tooth sensitivity

Gingival recession

Do you have sensitivity, bleeding or swollen gums, or do you have the feeling that one of your teeth is longer than normal? If the answer is yes, you are most likely suffering from gum retraction or gum recession.

Although this is a fairly common problem, it should not be ignored because, in addition to producing aesthetic damage, it is a clear sign of gingival disease and, if not treated properly, can pose a risk to your oral health.

So that you know exactly what gingival recession is, what its causes are and how to stop it in time to avoid complications such as the loss of some of your teeth, we have prepared this entry in dental office. We invite you to read it until the end!

What is gingival recession?

Gingival recession is a process in which the gums retract, exposing the root and other parts of the tooth that are normally protected by the gingival tissue.

By exposing these parts previously covered by the gum, the teeth become more vulnerable to diseases and discomforts such as dental sensitivity, root caries (a type of caries that affects the root of the tooth), the progressive loss of gums and bone and even, in the most serious cases, the loss of a tooth.

Causes of gingival recession

The recession of the gums or gingival recession can be caused by many factors such as age, the way we brush our teeth or poor oral hygiene. Here are some of the most common causes of this problem:

    Gingivitis: bad oral care can cause the gums to become inflamed due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque producing gingivitis. If this condition is not treated properly, the gums may begin to shrink.
    Poor brushing technique: When toothbrushing is done with a brush with too hard bristles or exerting excessive pressure, it can happen that the gums gradually retract.
    Incorrect positioning of teeth: misaligned teeth and malocclusions (the poor fit of dental arches) can cause gingival tissue to shrink. The solution to this problem is to correctly align the teeth using an orthodontic procedure.
    Bruxism: the involuntary habit of clenching or grinding the teeth as well as causing wear of the teeth, can produce gingival retraction.

How to Stop the Gingival Recession

The first thing you need to know is that once your gums start to retract, they don't regenerate naturally again. That's why it's so important to consult your dentist as soon as possible if you suspect a gingival recession, in order to identify the causes and be able to take action to slow down the progression of the disease.

If the gingival recession is not advanced, the most common thing is that, by correcting bad habits and dental hygiene techniques, you can prevent it from continuing to evolve and get worse. From Dental Office we recommend you to brush your teeth after every meal, toothpaste, and rinses with fluoride and dental floss.

For more serious cases in which the aesthetics and health of the tooth are compromised, there are dental surgical techniques such as gum grafts or flaps that can help improve both aesthetics and functionality.

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