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Oral contraceptives and gums

 Hormones present in contraceptives are associated with an increase in gum inflammation.

Oral contraceptives and gums

The hormones present in contraceptives are associated with an increase in gum inflammation, similar to that of pregnancy, but of less intensity. However, taking into account that the intake of pills can be maintained for longer periods of time, the damage produced in the tissues that support the teeth can be irreversible.

Using contraceptives today does not necessarily cause serious gum problems, but it is important for women taking them to take care of their dental health to minimize the risks. Nowadays, the hormonal doses of oral contraceptives have been significantly reduced, so there is less gingivitis associated with them.

What you should know about oral contraceptives and gums

Contraceptives are composed of synthetic hormones similar to estrogen and progesterone. These hormones can induce an increase in gum inflammation, much like that which occurs during pregnancy, although it is less intense; however, it can be sustained for longer periods of time, so it can lead to significant damage to the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth.
Contraceptive-associated inflammation is caused by alterations in the blood vessels and in the inflammatory response, as the ability of gum tissues to maintain and repair themselves is reduced. Changes in the composition of oral bacteria also occur.

Gingivitis is similar to that usually produced by plaque, but with comparatively more inflammatory signs, especially in the presence of fewer plaque bacteria. Additionally, some women may have dark areas on the gums (gingival melanosis). There is also an increase in the frequency with which infection can occur after tooth extraction or post-extraction sockets.
These are some of the issues of the binomial Oral contraceptives and gums, but it is always advisable that women taking oral contraceptives control the health of their gums, either with their dentist or their periodontist. In this way, they will be able to effectively prevent gingival inflammation in a completely reversible phase without consequences. This gingival control will also prevent the chronification of this inflammation, which could lead to irreversible changes. By the way, if you are having a tooth extracted, you could be at risk for a painful complication called dry socket. According to the Journal of the American Dental Association, women who take oral contraceptives are almost twice as likely to suffer from dry socket dryness compared to those who do not. Out of 100 women who took contraceptives, 13.9 suffered from dry sockets, while out of 100 women who did not take contraceptives, only 7.5 had this complication.

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