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What is mucositis?

 What is mucositis, and how is it treated?

What is mucositis?

Peri-implant mucositis is the inflammation of the tissues surrounding the dental implant and represents the most frequent complication in implantology. Although its prevalence is variable, it is estimated to affect 25-50% of implant patients. 

Mucositis is a reversible pathology; once it is eliminated, the cause of the inflammation (bacterial plaque) and corrected, the risk is the inflammatory state of the mucosa improves, and health is restored. Therefore, mechanical debridement by the practitioner, consisting of the removal of supra- and subgingival bacterial plaque using ultrasonic mechanisms and specific cures for implants (made of materials that preserve the integrity of their surfaces, such as Teflon or titanium), is the approach of choice for the treatment of peri-implant mucositis. In addition, certain types of lasers and glycine spray aero-polishers can also be used.

In combination with the above, the surface of the implant and its prosthesis is polished using a rubber cup and polishing paste or air polishers with abrasive powder, which removes any remaining plaque.

The prescription by the dentist of antimicrobial rinses (such as chlorhexidine) and the improvement of hygienic measures by the patient contribute to the prevention of bacterial recolonization and help hygiene practices in the days/weeks following treatment.

The treatment focuses on the elimination of the bacteria present between the gum and the implant, as well as on the eradication of the risk factors.