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Temporary implants

The use of provisional implants with fixed provisional prostheses as protection for definitive implants after extraction.

Temporary implants

This clinical case serves to evaluate how temporary implants serve to maintain the aesthetics and function of the temporary prosthesis, allowing them to be loaded for maximum comfort and patient satisfaction. The literature on this type of implant is limited to individual case reports and has as its main objective the evaluation of the prosthesis, not the implant. 

The prosthetic restoration with endosseous implants is considered a safe treatment with a clinically proven method and has become an established dental procedure. Placing the implants in a submerged manner without immediate loading requires a healing phase of 3 to 6 months, depending on whether it is in the maxilla or the mandible. This loading will essentially depend on the quality of the patient's bone and medical conditions. In the edentulous mandible, immediate interforaminal loading, implants as a prosthetic anchorage have been used successfully for many years. However, as a known limitation, this approach requires a minimum of 4 interforaminal implants. Due to the varying quality and quantity of maxillary bone, a uniform opinion has not yet been established on how many implants are needed in the edentulous jaw and when it can be loaded or not. And although the shape of the implant and its surfaces have brought about many positive changes to accelerate the healing phase, it is very risky in some cases to load the implants immediately.

In edentulous arches, removable overdentures can be used as temporary prostheses to keep the patient with teeth during the healing time of the newly placed implants until the final restoration. This complete prosthesis placed immediately can produce certain micro-movements in the implants inside the bone with the risk of losing them. Temporary implants (IP) have been developed for provisional restoration and immediate rehabilitation prostheses avoiding the loading of the definitive implants. It can allow immediate rehabilitation by ensuring adequate stabilization of the overdenture.

On the other hand, the literature on transitional or provisional implants is limited to individual case reports and has as its main objective the evaluation of the prosthesis, not the implant. This clinical case serves to evaluate how the provisional implants serve to maintain the aesthetics and function of the temporary prosthesis, allowing the loading of the implants for maximum comfort and patient satisfaction.

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