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Dry Mouth Syndrome

Xerostomia decreased saliva production.

Dry Mouth Syndrome

Xerostomia decreases saliva production. 

Xerostomia, or dry mouth syndrome, is a complex disorder characterized by decreased saliva production, resulting in a permanently dry mouth sensation and sometimes burning. It is a relatively common pathology.
Saliva is essential for maintaining a healthy mouth. When the normal flow is reduced, speaking, chewing, and swallowing problems can occur. Similarly, the chances of developing periodontal disease cavities, and halitosis increase, as the mouth becomes more vulnerable to bacteria.
Several causes can trigger xerostomia:
  • Consumption of alcohol causes dryness of the oral mucosa.
  • Smoking.
  • Diseases such as diabetes, Parkinson's, and arthritis, as well as some psychological processes such as anxiety, depression, or anorexia nervosa
  • Medicines such as antihistamines, antidepressants, or against high blood pressure.
  • Chemotherapy and radiotherapy. 40% of patients undergoing chemotherapy suffer from dry mouth syndrome.

The treatment against xerostomia includes several measures indicated by the dentist according to the patient's diagnosis. Some standard guidelines are:
  • Hydration, drinking between 2 and 3 liters of liquids a day without added sugars (water or infusions).
  • Avoiding drinks that contain caffeine.

  • Stop drinking alcohol and smoking.

  • Maintain rigorous oral hygiene.

  • Chewing gum without cariogenic sugars or sucking tablets of similar composition.

Use alcohol-free mouthwash to fight bacteria and stimulate salivation.
At the first sign of dry mouth, it is essential to go to the dentist to treat early on the disorders associated with this disorder, such as caries, candidiasis, ulcers, gingivitis, etc., and thus improve the patient's degree of comfort.