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Hormonal Changes Affect Women's Dental Health

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Hormonal Changes Affect Women's Dental Health

Oral health

Hormonal changes in women affect their oral health.  Noting that the increase in female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) causes a greater flow of blood in the gums, makes them more sensitive, and favors an "overreaction", which produces greater irritability.  In addition, when hormone levels are high, women are more sensitive to the presence of plaque and bacteria around the gums.

If gums become swollen, bleed, mouth sores appear, or salivary glands become inflamed, hormones may be to blame. These symptoms should disappear by the end of your period. If not, increased bleeding from the gums is a sign of something else.

During pregnancy, female hormones are overactive. Often, some women develop pregnancy gingivitis, a moderate form of gum disease that makes their gums red, sore, and tender. This situation is most common between the second and eighth months of pregnancy.

When a woman wants to get pregnant, it is recommended to visit her dental office for a check-up and to treat any problem preventively. During pregnancy, your teeth and gums need special attention, therefore, you should brush regularly and floss, eat a balanced diet, and visit your dentist regularly to reduce the dental problems that accompany pregnancy.
Periodontitis, i.e. infection and bleeding of the gums, could be a risk factor for pregnancy. This disease is associated with premature delivery and low birth weight. It appears that periodontitis is associated with the release of cell mediators called prostaglandins, which are responsible for labor contractions.

Menopause is a huge change for a woman's life and for her mouth, including altered taste, burning sensations in the mouth, and increased sensitivity. What you eat can make a difference when it comes to dry mouth. Avoid salty, spicy, sticky, and sugary foods, as well as dry foods that are difficult to chew. Alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine can also make dry mouth worse. At night, sleeping with a humidifier in the room also improves these discomforts.

What are the most common oral disorders in pregnant women?

Gingivitis is the most common oral disorder during pregnancy; in this regard, it should be emphasized that all preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic measures are safe for pregnancy and effective in improving and maintaining oral health. In the case of periodontitis, the treatment is also safe, but it should be performed in the second trimester of pregnancy and does not seem to be effective in reducing the rate of adverse effects of pregnancy. 

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